People’s Statement for the Northwest Siem Reap, 24 June 2013

We, the Cambodian Grassroots People’s Assembly, are farmers, fisher-folk, forestry activists, land activists, indigenous people, feminists, labour activists, sex workers, youth activists, anti-eviction activists, anti-capitalism activists, LGBT activists, activists impacted by hydro-power dam projects, artists and singers. We are here with our grassroots brothers and sisters from Siem Reap, Kampong Thom, PreahVihear, Outdor Mean Chey, Kratie and other parts of Cambodia as part of the Northwest Region of the cross sector networks. We are not an anti-government Assembly and we are not involved in any political party. We are here as Cambodian grassroots people who love peace and are committed to active non-violence. We are here as Cambodian grassroots people who believe in people’s human rights, in human dignity and in democracy. That is why we have organized our Assembly.

 

Our Assembly is timed to raise the people’s voices and problems to existing Members of Parliament (MPs), MP candidates and all political leaders ahead of the National Election on 28 July. In recent years, we have experienced a model of development in Cambodia, which has made our lives more insecure and vulnerable. Our poverty has increased as our natural resources have been destroyed, diminished and expropriated. Instead of the political will of our leaders enacting laws and policies which guarantee peoples’ human needs and dignity, our leaders have excluded us, the people, and prioritized the interests of foreign investors and other powerful elites. When the people are excluded from the development model and approach, any development, which follows cannot and will not respond to the people’s needs.

 

If political leaders and Members of Parliament are to have legitimacy before us, then they must represent our voices and concerns and implement real lasting solutions to our problems. They must prioritise using and protecting the natural resources of our country in a sustainable way to benefit us all and serve our livelihoods as Cambodian people now and for future generations.

 

Political leaders must focus their political will on implementing an approach to sustainable development. This means, putting the peoples’ needs first, achieving meaningful equality, protecting the environment and achieving real democracy by all of us being part of a participatory decision-making process. When all Cambodians live a life with adequate income, a secure livelihood, secure land title, accessible and adequate healthcare and freedom to exercise all of their civic and political rights then we will say the political leaders have legitimacy before us.

 

  • Our Assembly proclaims the people’s right to space for true representation of our problems, solutions and visions for our future!
  • Our Assembly proclaims the people’s desire for a Cambodia for all Cambodians not just rich and powerful Cambodians!
  • Our Assembly proclaims the people’s belief in legitimate political leaders!
  • Our Assembly proclaims that the people have had enough empty promises already- we want action to bring real lasting solutions to our problems and we want it now on the following people’s demands!
  • Our Assembly proclaims that our leaders should be leaders by us, for us and with us!

OUR COMMON DEMANDS

The cross sector networks in its five regions of Cambodia share common strategic demands, born during its first People’s Assembly (AGPA November 2012). We re-state them here and will continue to struggle to achieve them.

 

  1. 1.      LAND SECTOR
  • We demand the government to assess and redress the negative impacts of economic land           concessions.
  • We demand government develops policy and laws related to mining and hydro-power dams which serve the interest of people.
  • We demand a transparent policy, mechanism and implementation of land distribution to the Cambodian people.
  • We demand that areas of rich biodiversity are protected.
  • We demand the release of human rights and land activists in prison.

 

  1. 2.      FOOD SECURITY and SOVEREIGNTY
  • We demand a fair market and a fair price for our products.
  • We demand micro credit from the government with 2% interest rate per year.
  • We demand agricultural technical support from government.
  • We reject any agricultural law which contradicts the Constitution and land law.
  • We demand agro-business laws to protect equal bargaining power between producers and buyers.

 

  1. 3.      TRADE and INVESTMENT
  • Trade and investment should firstly and foremost strengthen the local economy, production, human capacities and well-being of the Cambodian people. Profit of investors should come after.
  • We demand accessible and equitable healthcare for all Cambodian and for Cambodia to have the rights to produce its own generic medicine.
  • Trade and investment policies being implemented in Cambodia must promote food sovereignty, decent work, protection of natural resources and life with dignity for all Cambodian people.

 

  1. 4.      LABOUR SECTOR (formal, informal, migrant workers)
  • We demand labor law enforcement in Cambodia.
  • We demand the rights to freedom of association and assembly.
  • We demand a living wage regularly adjusted to inflation.
  • We demand effective and transparent public services in Cambodia.
  • We demand an end to fixed duration contract.
  • We demand investment, which enables informal sector workers to earn decent livelihood.
  • We demand recognition and respect for the negotiation rights of informal sector workers.
  • We demand a social security fund for informal sector workers.
  • We demand lower gasoline price in Cambodia as neighboring countries.
  • We demand that migrant workers have the rights to form and join unions.
  • We demand ASEAN government to recognize and ratify rights of migrant worker to receive adequate wage and public services as local migrant worker.
  • We must change laws and policies in Cambodia to protect the rights of sex workers- sex work is work.

 

  1. 5.      HUMAN RIGHTS and DEMOCRACY
  • We demand that Cambodia respect human rights, democracy and stop discriminating against the poor.
  • We demand an independent judiciary in Cambodia.
  • We demand an end to the manipulation of the judicial system and the violence which criminalizes human rights defenders and land activists.
  • We still reject the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration in its current form and demand consultation and transparency in the on-going process.

 

THE PARTICIPATING NETWORKS IMMEDIATE DEMANDS

Cambodian Food and Services Worker Federation (CFSWF) Beer promotion workers, massage workers, cleaners, karaoke workers, flight attendants and petrol station workers

  • We demand a wage increase to $150 per month.
  • We demand national and international holidays with regular pay.
  • We demand an annual bonus (thirteenth month salary) equal the last full-month wage.
  • We demand there must be a bilateral agreement between employer and employee/worker
  • We demand an 8 hour working day, or 48 hours per week. If working hours go over 8 hours workers must be entitled to overtime pay.
  • We demand that discrimination against members of trade union must stop.
  • We demand that employers are liable for work injury to workers.

 

Independent Democracy of Informal Economic Association (IDEA)

  • APSARA Authority must stop their plan to import electronic cars to Siem Reap.
  • The 5th mandate government must stop granting monopoly rights to electronic car companies and must stop monopolizing the parking at tourist areas in Siem Reap.
  • The 5th mandate government must stop charging parking fees at all tourist areas in Siem Reap.
  • The authorities should provide ID cards and uniform-vests to renovated tuk-tuks.
  • The authorities must take action to stop hotel owners who dismissing tuk-tuk drivers from where they are doing their business every Monday.
  • The authorities must make an intervention which prevents private business owners from renting vehicles to expatriate tourists.
  • The 5th mandate government must lower the road tax for tuk-tuk by charging a tax rate which is based on engine size.
  • The authorities should provide free mechanical check-up services to tuk-tuks to help support the informal economy.
  • The 5th mandate government must lower the gasoline price to be low like neighboring countries.
  • The 5th mandate government must allow renovated TukTuk to do business free of charge.

 

Angkor Thom Community

  • The 5th mandate government must intervene with APSARA Authority to implement a measure which admits newly-established families to construct houses on their residential land legally and without conditions.
  • The 5th mandate government must conduct a census with the remaining population in Angkor Thom district.

 

Tani Village, RuntaEk Community, BanteaySrei District Community

  • The 5th mandate government must provide social land concession of 158 hectares and issue land titles to 38 households in our community.

 

Tapein Community

  • We demand the provincial authorities must urgently return land of 183 hectares and issue land titles as agreed to 90 families in Tapein village that was occupied by Forestry Administration since 2003.
  • We demand the provincial authorities repair 4000m of roads in our community.

 

Skun Village, Banteay Srei Community

  • The 5th mandate government must issue land titles to 117 families in our community.
  • The court must stop condemning and arresting land activists.

 

Reul Community (Reul Commune, Pouk District)

  • The 5th mandate government must issue legal land titles to 12 families in our community who have been living there since 1999 and farming the land every year.

 

Tbaeng Lich

  • Fifth mandate government must provide farm land and issue legal land title 427 hectare to 105 families in community.

 

Chi Kraeng Community

  • The 5th mandate government and Siem Reap authority must solve and return 475 hectares of land to Chi Kraeng community.
  • The 5th mandate government and Siem Reap authority must stop accusing and arresting land activists.
  • The 5th mandate government must guarantee to have and independent and just judiciary.
  • The 5th mandate government and Siem Reap authority must stop using violence and armed force to crack down on land activists.

 

Sna Sangkream Community

  • The 5th mandate government must provide farm land of 254 hectares and issue legal land titles to 87 families in Sna Sangkream village, Balaing commune, Prasat Bakong district of Siem Reap province.

 

Women’s Network for Unity (WNU)

  • The 5th mandate government must recognize and grant rights to sex workers.
  • The 5th mandate government must provide Health Equity Fund to poor people so they can access quality healthcare.
  • The authorities must implement the law, respect human rights and protect sex workers.

 

Prey Lang Network

  • The 5th mandate government must take immediate measures to stop clearing the forest inside Prey Lang.
  • The 5th mandate government must stop granting Economic Land Concession inside Prey Lang area.
  • The 5th mandate government must grant Social Land Concession to communities.

 

Snoul Community Network, Kratie province

  • The 5th mandate government must review the illegal operations of companies and must completely stop all powerful officials who encroach and illegally own plots of land and the government has to prosecute them.
  • The 5th mandate government must withhold the land of BenPheouk I and BenPheouk II and return it to 400 families as their residential and farm land once again.

 

Farmers and Nature Network (FNN)

  • We demand the 5th mandate government to provide fair market and fair price.
  • We demand the 5th mandate government to provide credit at a 2% annual interest rate.
  • We reject the Law on Agriculture Land Use and Management which contradicts to the National Constitution Law and Land Law.
  • We demand the 5th mandate government to develop the Agricultural Law which grants equal bargaining power between the producers and buyers.

 

Beoung Pe Community Networkm Preah Vihear province

  • The authorities must take immediate measures to stop forest encroachment.
  • The 5th mandate government must abolish the Economic Land Concession granted to companies in Beoung Pe community.
  • The 5th mandate government must not grant mining concession to private companies in Roveang district, Preah Vihear province.
  • The 5th mandate government must abolish the Railway Construction project from Roveang district, Preah Vihear province to Koh Kong province.
  • The 5th mandate government must grant and recognize the community forests in Roveang district, Preah Vihear province.

 

Sugar Network, Oddar Meanchey province

  • The 5th mandate government must eliminate Economic Land Concession to companies and give back the land to 602 families.
  • Stop condemning and arresting land activists.
  • Before granting Economic Land Concession, the government must conduct community consultation with local people.

 

Tonle Sap Fishery Network (TSN)

  • Specialized Fishery department must strengthen and implement the laws effectively.
  • Government must provide and ensure the rights of fisher-folks to participate in the protection of natural resources and combat illegal fishing
  • The 5th mandate government must provide special university scholarships to the children of fisher-folk.
  • The 5th mandate government and authority must construct 6 kilometers of road; repair 4 kilometers length of stream in Kampong Tlok; and repair the 10 kilometers length stream in Kampong Khleang.
  • The 5th mandate government must reduce the price of gasoline to be the same price as neighbouring countries.
  • The 5th mandate government must provide credit to fisher-folk at a 2% annual interest rate.
  • The 5th mandate government must give social land concession to fisher-folk.
  • The 5th mandate government must provide alternative jobs possibilities to fisher-folk, besides fishing.
  • The 5th mandate government must provide free healthcare and education services to fisher-folk.
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Cambodian Grassroots People’s Assembly People’s Statement

We, the Cambodian Grassroots People’s Assembly, are farmers, fisher-folk, forestry activists, land activists, indigenous people, feminists, labour activists, sex workers, youth activists, anti-eviction activists, anti-capitalism activists, LGBT activists, activists impacted by hydro-power dam projects, artists and singers. We are here with our grassroots brothers and sisters from Preah Sihanouk, Koh Kong, Kampot, Takeo, Kep, Kopmong Speu and other parts of Cambodia as part of the Southern Region of the cross sector networks. We are not an anti-government Assembly and we are not involved in any political party. We are here as Cambodian grassroots people who love peace and are committed to active non-violence. We are here as Cambodian grassroots people who believe in people’s human rights, in human dignity and in democracy. That is why we have organized our Assembly.

Our Assembly is timed to raise the people’s voices and problems to existing Members of Parliament (MPs), MP candidates and all political leaders ahead of the National Election on 28 July. In recent years, we have experienced a model of development in Cambodia which has made our lives more insecure and vulnerable. Our poverty has increased as our natural resources have been destroyed, diminished and expropriated. Instead of the political will of our leaders enacting laws and policies which guarantee peoples’ human needs and dignity, our leaders have excluded us, the people, and prioritized the interests of foreign investors and other powerful elites. When the people are excluded from the development model and approach, any development which follows cannot and will not respond to the people’s needs.

If political leaders and Members of Parliament are to have legitimacy before us, then they must represent our voices and concerns and implement real lasting solutions to our problems. They must prioritise using and protecting the natural resources of our country in a sustainable way to benefit us all and serve our livelihoods as Cambodian people now and for future generations.

Political leaders must focus their political will on implementing an approach to sustainable development. This means, putting the peoples’ needs first, achieving meaningful equality, protecting the environment and achieving real democracy by all of us being part of a participatory decision-making process. When all Cambodians live a life with adequate income, a secure livelihood, secure land title, accessible and adequate healthcare and freedom to exercise all of their civic and political rights then we will say the political leaders have legitimacy before us.

  • Our Assembly proclaims the people’s right to space for true representation of our problems, solutions and visions for our future!
  • Our Assembly proclaims the people’s desire for a Cambodia for all Cambodians not just rich and powerful Cambodians!
  • Our Assembly proclaims the people’s belief in legitimate political leaders!
  • Our Assembly proclaims that the people have had enough empty promises already- we want action to bring real lasting solutions to our problems and we want it now on the following people’s demands!
  • Our Assembly proclaims that our leaders should be leaders by us, for us and with us!

OUR COMMON DEMANDS

The cross sector networks in its five regions of Cambodia share common strategic demands, born during its first People’s Assembly (AGPA November 2012). We re-state them here and will continue to struggle to achieve them.

  1. 1.      LAND SECTOR
  • We demand the government to assess and redress the negative impacts of economic land           concessions to date and cancel the ELC policy from now on.
  • We demand government develops policy and laws related to mining and hydro-power dams which serve the interest of people.
  • We demand a transparent policy, mechanism and implementation of land distribution to the Cambodian people.
  • We demand that areas of rich biodiversity are protected.
  • We demand the release of human rights and land activists in prison.
  1. 2.      FOOD SECURITY and SOVEREIGNTY
  • We demand a fair market and a fair price for our products.
  • We demand micro credit from the government with 2% interest rate per year.
  • We demand agricultural technical support from government.
  • We reject any agricultural law which contradicts the Constitution and land law.
  • We demand agro-business laws to protect equal bargaining power between producers and buyers.
  1. 3.      TRADE and INVESTMENT
  • Trade and investment should firstly and foremost strengthen the local economy, production, human capacities and well-being of the Cambodian people. Profit of investors should come after.
  • We demand accessible and equitable healthcare for all Cambodian and for Cambodia to have the rights to produce its own generic medicine.
  • Trade and investment policies being implemented in Cambodia must promote food sovereignty, decent work, protection of natural resources and life with dignity for all Cambodian people.
  1. 4.      LABOUR SECTOR (formal, informal, migrant workers)
  • We demand labor law enforcement in Cambodia.
  • We demand the rights to freedom of association and assembly.
  • We demand a living wage regularly adjusted to inflation.
  • We demand effective and transparent public services in Cambodia.
  • We demand an end to fixed duration contract.
  • We demand investment which enables informal sector workers to earn decent livelihood.
  • We demand recognition and respect for the negotiation rights of informal sector workers.
  • We demand a social security fund for informal sector workers.
  • We demand lower gasoline price in Cambodia.
  • We demand that migrant workers have the rights to form and join unions.
  • We must change laws and policies in Cambodia to protect the rights of sex workers- sex work is work.
  1. 5.      HUMAN RIGHTS and DEMOCRACY
  • We demand that Cambodia respect human rights, democracy and stop discriminating against the poor.
  • We demand an independent judiciary in Cambodia.
  • We demand an end to the manipulation of the judicial system and the violence which criminalizes human rights defenders and land activists.
  • We still reject the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration in its current form and demand consultation and transparency in the on-going process.

THE PARTICIPATING NETWORKS IMMEDIATE DEMANDS

The Southern Region of cross sector networks have had enough empty promises- we want real and lasting solutions to our problems below.

 

  • C. E. 5 Community (126 families) 
    • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to measure our farm-land and house-land and grant the legal land title to all of us.
  • Anlung Trei Community
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to solve the land problem of 157 families whose 400hectares (farmland and house-land) was taken by the company and powerful people.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to provide free quality education and healthcare for all of us.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government reduce the gasoline and food prices.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to stop making empty promise and tackle and solve our problems from the previous mandated government.
  • Prek Treng Community (92 families with 135 hectares of land problem)
  • We demand the provincial authority returns our land and grants legal land title according to the decision of the Ministry of Urban Planning and Land Management, Prime Minister and National Assembly.
  • We demand for the authorities at all levels to respect the rights to livelihood and access to free quality public services such as education and health.
  • The 5th mandate elected government has to stop forced eviction.
  • Every violation of people’s right must be address and gain sufficient compensation.
  • In the 5th mandate elected government MPs must be the real MPs and understand the real problems of the people.
  • Veal Shanthi Community (70 families with 125 hectares of farm and housing land)
  • Ream village, Ream commune, (Preah Sihanouk province) demands the Yischia company allow the people to re-build their house.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to grant us back our farmland as it was in 2004 for us to use.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to grant the farmland and house-land for 70 families.
  • Spean Chhes community (107 families)
    • We wish for the local authorities to measure the land for 107 families as soon as possible. If you don’t do so you must permit us all to go back to our old land.
    • We wish the provincial authority to grant land for sufficient housing, to grant legal land titles, provide stable jobs and provide re-location sites within 5 km of the city of Preah Sihanouk.
    • We request that the relevant authorities participate in negotiating and solving directly with the community representatives and the community committee.
  • Kampenh Chah community
  • 24 families demand the authorities to land and legal land titles to us.
  • Kanhpenh Thmey community  (137 families)
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to return our land to 137 families.
  • Koh Kchong village (152 families), Or Chrao commune, Preah Nouk district
  • We demand the government to stop intimidating the community by using the court to scare people.
  • We demand the government to use the court fairly and give justice to the land communities by giving the 152 families back their land.
  • K’bal Hong Toek village, Ream commune, Preah Nouk district
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to negotiate with the clean water company to return the land to 204 families who land has been taken.
  • Stung Hao, Preah Sihanouk province
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to stop selling electricity to private companies that charge prices which are too high.
  • Outres community, Village 6, Sangkat 4, Khan Mittapheap, Preah Sihanouk
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to support us to avoid the eviction from our community and grant us our full rights to re-build our homes.
  • Sugar Justice Network (Koh Kong, 200 families 1364.802hectares)
  • We demand 1)Thai KSL (Koh Kong Sugar Company Ltd and Koh Kong Sugar Plantation Ltd), 2)Okhna Ly Yon Phat, 3) Taiwan company give back the above amount of land to the people.
  • The companies  must be responsible and accountable before the law for whatever they have done wrong.
  • Authorities and relevant institutions at all levels must tackle the problem of land and return the land to the people.
  • We don’t need any more empty promises like the previous mandate. We demand the candidates for the 5th elected mandate must solve our land problems.
  • The government must grant the legal land title for the all the people.
  • We demand for all of our freedoms.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to enable the poor to access real justice, to get our land back and for those perpetrators of violence against community activists to be prosecuted for their crimes.
  • Farmer Nature Network (FNN)
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to provide fair markets and fair prices.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to provide microfinance that has 2% interest per year.
  • We object to agricultural laws that are against the constitutional law and land law.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to ensure agricultural law that protects equal power of negotiation between producers and buyers.
  • Farmers for Peace and Development (FAPD)
    • We demand for the 5th mandate elected government to set the fair price for agricultural products in line with inflation.
    • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to stop accusing and discriminating against community labeling them opposition party when they are simply demanding for solutions to their problems.
    • We wish that MPs will respect all the freedoms of people (right of expression, right to access information, right to decent living).
    • We request the government to stop importing agricultural products from our neighbouring countries which are affecting our health and livelihood.
    • We demand for the newly-mandated government to develop the social security for the old people, orphans, widows and those who are jobless.
    • We request the new government to create jobs for youth and stop migration.
  • Cambodian Independent Civil Servants Association (CICA)
  • The 5th mandate elected government must raise salary for civil servants to at least 1,000,000riel/month and ensure quality and effective public services.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to respect the rights to form and participate I trade unions without discrimination.
  • Fisheries Communities
  • The 5th mandate elected government must ensure the rights and role of fisher-folk in preventing and apprehending illegal fishing and protecting fishery resources.
  • The 5th mandate elected government must stop illegal fishing on the seaside.
  • The 5th mandate elected government must stop rich and powerful people from cutting flooded forest which destroys fish breeding grounds and must stop moving fishing breeding ground into private ownership.
  • The 5th mandate elected government must stop making empty promises.
  • We demand for a reduction in electricity price to 650riel/kw
  • Independent Democratic Economy Association (IDEA)
  • We demand mote rental to foreign tourists should be stopped.
  • We demand transportation service for passengers from the guesthouses be stopped.
  • We demand a reduction in the tax price of imported motos so that we can afford to buy motos to improve our livelihood.
  • We demand a reduction in the gasoline price to 4000riel per litre.
  • We demand that the police chief and military police effectively implement Letter Nr 17 dated December 2010 by the provincial governor’s house.
  • We demand the authorities stop accusing IDEA as being opposition party activists. Stop discrimination against us!
  • We demand the Tourist Police officers seriously implement the Traffic Law Article 35.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to ensure a reduction in market prices in line with the income of informal sector workers.
  • We request the police to monitor trucks transporting loads from the Special Economic Zone which are overloaded and are not respecting the traffic law.
  • We request the Preah Sihanouk police to stop charging loading fees at the loading check point.
  • Women’s Network for Unity (WNU)  
  • We demand recognition that sex work is work so that we can support our family.
  • Stop discrimination against sex workers
  • We demand the promotion of quality and effective treatment for people living with HIV.
  • We demand legal protection for sex workers and entertainment workers.
  • We demand rights and justice for women.
  • We demand legal service for women, safe sex, a reduction in HIV infection and a reduction in human trafficking.
  • We demand the needs of people are always put before profit.
  • Worker’s Information Centre (WIC)
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to improve the working conditions in garment factories- to ensure proper medical treatment; proper safety standards and monitoring of factory buildings; hygiene and safety in the rentals; a reduction in the cost of monthly rentals and an increase in our wages to make it a living wage.
  • We demand factory owners respect and implement the Labour law of Cambodia.
  • CamASEAN
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to improve the quality of the education for students.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to expand the work of the NGO sector and the private sector.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to stop the advertising of alcohol on radio and TV as it is negatively impacting on our culture.
  • We demand the 5th mandate elected government to increase the precise understanding and meaning of politics among students and people generally.

សមាជររជាជនអាស៊ាន សសចក្តីថ្លលងការណ៍ររស់ររជាជន ថ្លៃររហសបត្តិ ទី១៥ ថ្ែវិចឆិកា ឆ្នាំ២០១២

សមាជររជាជនអាស៊ាន
សសចក្តីថ្លលងការណ៍ររស់ររជាជន
ថ្លៃររហសបត្តិ ទី១៥ ថ្ែវិចឆិកា ឆ្នាំ២០១២
រួក្ស ើង ក្នុងនាមសមាជររជាជនអាស៊ានរួមមាន ក្សិក្រ អនក្សនសទ សក្មមជនថ្ររស ើ សក្មមជន ដីធ្លី ជនជាត្ិសដើមភាគត្ិច សក្មមជនការងារ អនក្ររក្ររររផ្លូវសេទ សក្មមជន ុវជន សក្មមជនររឆ្ាំង នឹងការរសណតញសចញ សក្មមជនររឆ្ាំងនឹងមូលធ្ននិ ម សក្មមជនអនក្ស្សលាញ់សេទដូចគ្នន និងមិនដូចគ្នន សក្មមជនរងសរគ្នោះសោ គសរមាងទាំនរ់វារីអគគិសនី អនក្សិលបៈ និងអនក្ចសរមៀង ររមទាំងរណ្តតញ និង រណ្តត មិត្តេ័ក្តិក្នុងត្ាំរន់។ សមាជររជាជនអាស៊ានមានសគ្នលជាំហរមិនសធ្វើការររឆ្ាំង រោាេិបាលសឡើ ។ រួក្ស ើង គឺជាររជាជនថ្ដលស្សឡាញ់សនតិភារ និងសគ្នររសលើសគ្នលការណ៍ អហឹងាសក្មម។ រួក្ស ើងសជឿជាក្់សៅ សលើសិទិធមនុសស និងភារថ្លលលនូរររស់មនុសស ថ្ដលជាសហត្ុនាាំសអា រួក្ស ើងសសរមចចិត្តសរៀរចាំសមាជ ររជាជនអាស៊ានសនោះសឡើង។
សមាជររស់រួក្ស ើង ជាសរលសវលាសដើមបីសធ្វើការសលើក្សឡើងនូវសសមលងររស់ររជាជន និងរញ្ហាររស់ រួក្ស ើងសៅដល់រាជរោាេិបាលថ្នររោះរាជាណ្តចរក្ក្មពុជា ររមុែរដាអាស៊ាន និងរណ្តតអនក្ដឹក្នាាំក្ាំរូលៗ អនតរជាត្ិសផ្សងសទៀត្សៅក្នុងជាំនួរក្ាំរូលអាស៊ានសលើក្ទី២១សនោះ ថ្ដលនឹងររររឹត្តសៅរីថ្លៃទី១៨ ដល់ថ្លៃទី២០ ថ្ែវិចឆិកា ឆ្នាំ២០១២។
សមាជររជាជនអាស៊ានគឺជាររឹត្តការណ៍រួនថ្លៃ សដើមបីសធ្វើការររមូលផ្តុាំ សមគគីគ្ននក្នុងការត្ស៊ាូទមទរ សអា មានភារ ុត្តិធ្ម៌សៅក្នុងសងគម និងសធ្វើសអា ការរស់សៅររស់រួក្ស ើង និងសងគមសរមារ់ទាំងអស់ គ្នន។ រួក្ស ើងរួររួមគ្ននសដើមបីសធ្វើការថ្ចក្រាំថ្លក្រញ្ហាររស់រួក្ស ើង និងសធ្វើការរងាាញរីដាំសណ្តោះស្ស មួ ចាំនួន។ រួក្ស ើងដឹងថា សៅសរលថ្ដលររជាជន និងរោាេិបាលសធ្វើការរួមគ្នន រួក្ស ើងអាចថ្សវងរក្ ដាំសណ្តោះស្ស បានយ៉ាងលអ។ ទាំងសនោះ គឺជាសគ្នលរាំណងថ្នសមាជររជាជន។
នាថ្លៃទី១ថ្នររឹត្តិការណ៍សមាជររជាជនអាស៊ាន រួក្ស ើងបានទទួលរទរិសសធ្ន៍ជុាំវិញការរឹត្ត្បិត្ សិទធិក្នុងការររមូលផ្តុាំររស់រួក្ស ើង។ ការរឹត្ត្បិត្សនោះសៅថ្ត្រនត នាថ្លៃទី២ សៅក្នុងសិកាាសលា
សផ្សងគ្នន ថ្ដលជាទីក្ថ្នលងថ្ដលរួក្ស ើងសធ្វើការសលើក្សឡើងរីរញ្ហាររស់រួក្ស ើងទាំងអស់គ្នន សដើមបីសធ្វើការសរៀរចាំ សសចក្តីថ្លលងការណ៍រួម ក្៏រ៉ាុថ្នតរួក្ស ើងបានជួររទរិសសធ្ន៍មតងសទៀត្ គឺការររ មនឹងការោក្់សមាពធ្សៅ សិទធិជាមូលោានររស់រួក្ស ើង សិទធិក្នុងការររមូលផ្តុាំ និងជួរជុាំគ្នន។ ក្៏រ៉ាុថ្នត រួក្ស ើង មក្ជួរជុាំគ្ននសៅថ្លៃសនោះ រួក្ស ើងចង់សធ្វើការរងាាញរីសថនភាររស់សៅររចាំថ្លៃជាក្់ថ្សតង និងក្មាលាំងថ្នភារសជឿជាក្់ និងក្តីស្សថ្ម សៅសលើអនាគត្ថ្នររសទសក្មពុជា និងសៅក្នុងអាស៊ាន។
អនក្ដឹក្នាាំ៖ រួក្ស ើងក្ាំរុងថ្ត្និយ របារ់សៅដល់អស់សលាក្-សលាក្ស្សី! សូមសតរ់សសមលង ររស់រួក្ស ើង! សូមសតរ់រីរញ្ហាររស់រួក្ស ើង!
រួក្ស ើងមិនថ្មនជាថ្ផ្នក្ថ្នរញ្ហាសទ រួក្ស ើងជាររជាជនទាំងអស់ ជាថ្ផ្នក្មួ ថ្នដាំសណ្តោះស្ស ។ សតរ់សសមលងររស់រួក្ស ើង រួក្ស ើងនិយ សៅកាន់អស់សលាក្អនក្ដឹក្នាាំ។
អនុសសន៍ររស់ររជាជនមានដូចត្សៅ៖
១. វិស័ ការងារ (ក្មមក្រ-ក្មាមការិនីសរាងចរក្កាត្់សដរ ក្មមក្រ-ក្មមការិនីសសដាក្ិចចសរៅរររ័នធ ក្មមក្រ-ក្មមការិនីចាំណ្តក្ស្សុក្)

  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា មានការអនុវត្តចារ់ការងារសៅក្មពុជា។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសិទធិក្នុងការររមូលផ្តុាំ និងជួរជុាំសោ សនតិវិធ្ី។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទររបាក្់ នួលសមរមយសាំរារ់ក្មមក្រ និងមន្តនតីរាជការ ថ្ដលរត្ូវផ្លលស់រតូរជាររចាំសៅតាមអត្ិផ្រណ្តទីផ្ារ។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា សសវាសធារណៈមានររសិទិធភារ និងមានត្មាលភារសៅក្មពុជា។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា និសយជក្ រញ្ឈរ់ការសររើរបាស់ក្ិចចសនាមានសលរសវលាក្ាំណត្់ (ក្ិចចសនាែលី) សៅក្នុងវិស័ កាត្់សដរ។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា ការវិនិសយគ ថ្ដលរងកឲ្យក្មមក្រសសដាក្ិចចសរៅរររ័នា អាចររក្ររររចិញ្ចឹមជីវិត្ ក្នុងជីវភារសមរមយ។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា មានការទទួលសគល់ និងសគ្នររសិទធិចរចរថ្នក្មមក្រសសដាក្ិចចសរៅ រររ័នធ។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរនូវរររសនតិសុែសងគមសរមារ់ក្មមក្រសសដាក្ិចចសរៅរររ័នធ។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា ត្ថ្មលសររងសាំងចុោះទរសៅក្មពុជាដូចររសទសជិត្ខាង។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា ក្មមក្រចាំណ្តក្ស្សុក្មានសិទធិរសងកើត្ និងចូលរួមសហជីរ។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរដល់រោាេិបាលអាស៊ានទទួលសគល់ និងអនុវត្តសិទធិក្មមក្រចាំណ្តក្ស្សុក្ សហើ ក្មមក្រចាំណ្តក្ស្សុក្ទទួលបាននូវរបាក្់ នួល និងសសវាសធារណៈសសមើគ្នននឹងក្មមក្រក្នុងស្សុក្។
  • អនក្ររក្ររររផ្លូវសេទទមទរសសរីភារក្នុងការសដើរសហើរសរមារ់ររជាជនទាំងអស់សៅក្នុងត្ាំរន់ អាស៊ាន។
  • “ការររក្ររររផ្លូវសេទគឺជាការងារមួ !” រួក្ស ើងរត្ូវការឲ្យមានការផ្លលស់រតូរចារ់ និងសគ្នលនសយបា ក្នុងររសទសថ្នត្ាំរន់អាស៊ាន សដើមបីការពារ សិទធិររក្ររររផ្លូវសេទររស់អនក្ររក្ររររផ្លូវសេទ ថ្ដលរារ់រញ្ចូលទាំងអនក្ស្សលាញ់សេទដូចគ្នន ថ្ដលររក្ររររផ្លូវសេទ។
  • រួក្ស ើងទាំងអស់គ្ននជាអនក្រត្់ម៉ាូត្ូឌុរ និងរុឺម៉ាក្សទសចរ ទមទរសអា រញ្ឈរ់ការជួលម៉ាូត្ូ សអា អនក្សទសចរររសទសក្នុងត្ាំរន់សទសចរ។

២. ដីធ្លី

  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា រោាេិបាលវា ត្ថ្មល និងសោោះស្ស ផ្លរ៉ាោះពាល់អវិជជមានថ្ន សមបទនដីសសដាក្ិចច។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា រោាេិបាលរញ្ឈរ់ការរសណតញសចញ និងអនុវត្តសគ្នលនសយបា អេិវឌឍន៍ សៅនឹងក្ថ្នលង។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា រញ្ឈរ់ការសររើរបាស់រររ័នធត្ុលាការជាការសចទររកាន់ និងអាំសរើហិងា ថ្ដល ោក្់សទសសៅដល់អនក្ការពារសិទធិមនុសស និងសក្មមជនដីធ្លី។
  • រួក្ស ើងជាសមាជិក្សហគមន៍ ថ្ដលរត្ូវបានរសណតញសចញទមទរសអា រោាេិបាលក្មពុជាផ្តល់ សអា រួក្ស ើងនូវឯក្សររលរដាជាផ្លូវការ (សសៀវសៅរគួសរ អត្តសញ្ហាណរ័ណណ) ដូសចនោះរួក្ស ើងអាចទទួលបានរ័ណណក្មមសិទធិដីធ្លី និងសាំណងដីធ្លី។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា មានការសោោះថ្លងសក្មមជនសិទធិមនុសស និងដីធ្លី រីរនធធ្នាគ្នរ។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា រោាេិបាលក្មពុជាសគ្នររសិទធិមនុសស ររជាធ្ិរសត្ យ និងរញ្ឈរ់ការ សរើសសអើង ររឆ្ាំងអនក្រក្ីរក្។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា រោាេិបាលរសងកើត្សគ្នលនសយបា និងចារ់ពាក្់រ័នធនឹងដីធ្លី ថ្រ៉ា និង ទាំនរ់ វារីអគគិសនី ថ្ដលរសរមើផ្លររសយជន៍ដល់ររជាជន។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា លុរសចលនូវសគ្នលនសយបា សមបទនដីសសដាក្ិចចក្នុងររសទសសៅ ត្ាំរន់ អាស៊ាន។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរឲ្យអាស៊ានរសងកើត្ នតការ និងសគ្នលនសយបា សាំរារ់ផ្តល់ដីដល់ររជាជនសឡើងវិញ
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា រោាេិបាលអាស៊ានការពារត្ាំរន់ថ្ដលសាំរូរសៅសោ ជីវៈចាំរុោះ។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា សគ្នលនសយបា អេិវឌឍសៅត្ាំរន់អាស៊ាន សគ្នររ និងសលើក្ដសមកើងការចូលរួម ររស់ររជាជន សិទធិរលរដា ថ្ដលនឹងមិនរណ្តតលសអា មានការរសណតញសចញ និងមិនសរើសសអើង ជនរក្ីរក្។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា រោាេិបាលអាស៊ានសចញសសចក្តីថ្លលងការណ៍រួម សលើការសគ្នររសិទធិដីធ្លីសៅអាស៊ាន។

៣. សនតិសុែសសបៀង និងអធ្ិរសត្ យសសបៀង

  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរនូវទីផ្ារ ុត្តិធ្ម៌ និងត្ថ្មល ុត្តិធ្ម៌។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរនូវឥណទនរីរោាេិបាល ថ្ដលមានការរបាក្់ ២ភាគរ ក្នុងមួ ឆ្នាំ។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរការគ្នាំរទរសចចក្សទសក្សិក្មមរីរោាេិបាល។
  • រួក្ស ើងរដិសសធ្ចារ់ក្សិក្មម ថ្ដលផ្ទុ នឹងរដាធ្មមនុញ្ា និងចារ់េូមិបាល។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរចារ់ក្សិ-ឧសាហក្មម ថ្ដលការពារអាំណ្តចសសមើគ្ននក្នុងការចរចររវាងអនក្ ផ្លិត្ និងអនក្ទិញ។

៤. ពាណិជជក្មម និងការវិនិសយគ

  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា ការអេិវឌឍន៍ មិនរត្ូវោក្់ររជាជនសអា ធាលក្់សៅក្នុងភាររក្ីរក្ធ្ៃន់ធ្ៃរ សនាោះសទ។
  • ពាណិជជក្មមនិងការវិនិសយគ គួរថ្ត្គិត្រីការររងឹងសសដាក្ិចចក្នុងស្សុក្ ការផ្លិត្ ការររងឹង សមត្ថភារ និងសុែុមាលភារររស់ររជាជនជាចាំរង និងមុនសគ។ របាក្់ចាំសណញររស់វិនិសយ គិន គួរជាសរឿងរនាទរ់។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរក្នុងការទទួលបាននូវសសវាសុែភារជាសក្ល និងសអា ររសទសស ើងមាន សិទធិផ្លិត្សោ ែលួនឯងនូវឱសល ថ្ដលជាត្រមូវការមូលោានជាចាំបាច់។
  • រួក្ស ើងអាំពាវនាវដល់រោាេិបាល សអា អនុវត្តចារ់និងសគ្នលនសយបា នានា ថ្ដលជាំរុញដល់ការអរ់រាំថ្ដលររក្រសោ គុណភារ និងការទទួលបានការងារសធ្វើ។
  • រោាេិបាលអាស៊ានគួរថ្ត្ររងឹងសហគមន៍តាមរ ៈ ុត្តិធ្ម៌ និងសនតិភារ គ្នមនការរុក្រក្ រាំផ្លិចរាំផ្លលញ និងសក្ងររវ័ញ្ច។
  • រោាេិបាលរត្ូវសធ្វើយ៉ាងណ្តសលើក្ដសមកើងអត្ថររសយជន៍ររស់ររជាជន មិនថ្មនរក្ុមហ៊ាុនសជីវ ក្មម និងអនក្មានសនាោះសទ។
  • សគ្នលនសយបា ពាណិជជក្មម និងវិនិសយគថានក្់ជាត្ិ និងត្ាំរន់ រត្ូវថ្ត្សលើក្ក្មពស់អធ្ិរសត្ យសសបៀង ការងារសមរមយ ការការពារធ្នធានធ្មមជាត្ិ និងជីវិត្ររក្រសោ សសចក្តីថ្លលលនូរដល់ ររជាជន។
  • ទរមង់ថ្នការអេិវឌឍន៍ ថ្ដលជាំរុញសោ រោាេិបាលអាស៊ាន រត្ូវថ្ត្ត្រមង់ទិសសឡើងវិញ សោ ក្ររជាជន សមភារ ររិសថន និងសងគម មុននឹងគិត្គូររីផ្លររសយជន៍អនក្មាន និងរបាក្់ចាំសណញ។

៥. សិទធិមនុសស និងររជាធ្ិរសត្ យ

  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរឲ្យមានត្ុលាការឯក្រាជយសៅក្មពុជា។
  • រួក្ស ើងរដិសសធ្ចាំសពាោះសសចក្តីររកាសសិទធិមនុសសអាស៊ាន ក្នុងទរមង់នាសរលរចចុរបនន។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរ ុត្តិធ្ម៌សរមារ់ជនជាត្ិសដើមភាគត្ិច។
  • រួក្ស ើងទមទរសអា ចារ់ និងសគ្នលនសយបា ទាំងអស់ ថ្ដលោក្់សទសទណឌសលើអត្ត សញ្ហាណសេទ និងនិនានការសេទ សោ ផ្លទល់ ឬសោ ររសយល រត្ូវលុរសចលជារនាទន់ សហើ សិទធិររស់អនក្ស្សលាញ់សេទដូចគ្ននរត្ូវបានទទួលសគល់ជាសិទធិមនុសស។ រួក្ស ើងក្៏ទមទរសអា ចារ់ សគ្នលនសយបា និងការអនុវត្តនានា រត្ូវសធ្វើសអា ស្សរជាមួ នឹងសគ្នលការណ៍ ៉ាក្ចកាតា។

AGPA People’s Statement

15 November 2012

We, the ASEAN Grassroots People’s Assembly (AGPA), are farmers, fisher-folk, forestry activists, land activists, indigenous people, feminists, labour activists, sex workers, youth activists, anti-eviction activists, anti-capitalism activists, LGBTIQ activists, activists impacted by dam projects, artists and singers. We are here with our regional allies and friends. We are not an anti-government Assembly. We are people who love peace and are committed to active non-violence. We believe in people’s human rights and human dignity and that is why we have organized our Assembly.

Our Assembly is timed to raise people’s voices and issues to the Royal Government of Cambodia, ASEAN heads of state and other international leaders ahead of the 21st ASEAN Summit on 18-20th November 2012.
AGPA is a four-day event to bring grassroots peoples together in solidarity with each other, in the struggle for social justice, a better life and a better society for everyone. Together we have shared our problems and we see the solutions. We know that when people and governments work together, good and lasting solutions can be found. This is the goal of our Assembly.

On Day 1 of AGPA we experienced a block on our freedom of assembly. This blocking continues. On Day 2, in our different workshops, where we discussed our issues together to make this statement, we experienced further attempts to suppress our basic freedoms– freedom of assembly and freedom of association. But we are here today and we wish to present the reality of our lives, and the strength of our hopes and dreams for our future in Cambodia and in ASEAN.

Leaders: we are talking to you, hear our voices, hear our problems!

We, the people, are part of the solution. We are not part of the problem. We want to work with you to solve our problems.

Recommendations:
1. Labor sector (formal, informal, migrant workers)

  • We demand labor law enforcement in Cambodia
  • We demand the rights to freedom of association and assembly without facing violence
  • We demand a fair living wage for workers and civil servants regularly adjusted to inflation
  • We demand effective and transparent public services in Cambodia
  • We demand an end to fixed duration contracts
  • We demand investment which enables informal sector workers to earn decent livelihoods
  • We demand recognition and respect for the negotiation rights of informal sector workers
  • We demand a social security fund for informal sector workers
  • We demand a lower gasoline price in Cambodia like in neighboring countries.
  • We demand that migrant workers have the rights to form and join unions
  • We demand that ASEAN Governments recognize and enforce the human rights of migrant worker; migrant workers must be entitled to equal wages and other public services like local workers
  • Sex workers demand freedom of movement for all peoples in ASEAN
  • Sex work is work. We must change laws and policies in all ASEAN countries to protect the rights of sex workers including LGBT sex workers.
  • We, tuk-tuk and motordop drivers, demand an end of motor and bicycle rental in tourism places.

2. Land

  • We demand that governments assess and redress the negative impacts of economic land concessions
  • We demand an end to forced evictions and implementation of on-site development
  • We demand an end to the manipulation of the judicial system and the violence perpetrated by state and non-state actors, which criminalize and attack human rights defenders and land activists.
  • We, members of evicted communities, demand the Cambodian government to issue us our official citizens legal documentation (family book, ID cards) so that we can access land title and land compensation
  • We demand the release of human rights and land activists in prison
  • We demand that Cambodia respect human rights, democracy and stop discriminating against the poor.
  • We demand that governments develop policy and laws related to land, mining and hydro-power dams, which serve the interest of people.
  • We demand the cancelation of economic land concessions policies in ASEAN countries
  • We demand that ASEAN develops mechanisms and policies for land redistribution to the people
  • We demand ASEAN government to protect areas of rich biodiversity.
  • We demand development policies in the ASEAN region respect and promote people’s participation, citizen rights, and do not cause forced eviction and discrimination against the poor.
  • We ask ASEAN government release a joint statement calling for resolution of land conflicts in ASEAN

3. Food security and sovereignty

  • We demand fair markets and fair prices for our products.
  • We demand micro credit from the government with 2% interest rate per year
  • We demand agricultural technical support from the government.
  • We reject any agricultural law which contradicts our Constitution and land laws.
  • We demand laws to protect equal bargaining power between smallhold agricultural producers and purchasers/traders

4. Trade and Investment

  • We demand development shall not put people into extreme poverty.
  • Trade and investment should first and foremost strengthen the local economy, local production, human capacity and well-being of the people. Profits of investors should not come before the interests of the people.
  • We demand universal access to health care and for our countries to have the rights to produce their own generic medicines
  • We urge the government to implement the laws and regulations which enhance both the quality of education and employment.
  • ASEAN governments should build a regional community through justice and peace, not through extraction, destruction and exploitation.
  • Governments must act to advance the interests of the peoples in their countries and not of corporations and elites
  • National and regional trade and investment policies must promote food sovereignty, decent work, protection of natural resources and life with dignity for all peoples
  • The development model pursued by ASEAN governments must be redirected by putting people, equality, environment and society before corporate and elite interests.

5. Human Rights and Democracy

  • We demand an independent judiciary in Cambodia
  • We reject the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration in its current form
  • We demand justice for indigenous peoples
  • We demand that all laws and policies that directly and indirectly criminalize SOGI be repealed immediately, and LGBTIQ rights are recognized as human rights, and national laws, policies and practices are harmonized with the Yogyakarta Principles.